This is my third post in a series on the unaltered Augsburg Confession. A full copy of which you can find HERE.
“Our churches also teach that the Word, that is, the Son of God, took upon himself human nature in the womb of the blessed vir-gin Mary. Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. Thus there is only one Christ, true God and true man, who was born of the virgin Mary. He truly suffered, was crucified, died, and was buried. He went through all this so that he could restore us to peace with the Father and be a sacrifice, not just for original sin, but also for all other sins.
The Word [Christ] also went down into hell, and truly rose again the third day. Afterward he went up into heaven so that he might sit on the right hand of the Father. There he rules forever and has power over all creatures, making holy all those that believe in him. He does this by sending the Holy Spirit into their hearts to rule, comfort, and make them alive, as well as defending them against the devil and the power of sin.
This same Christ will openly come again to judge the living and the dead, etc., as the Apostles’ Creed says.”– The Unaltered Augsburg Confession
The above is simply what the scriptures teach about Jesus Christ. I have written before on such topics in several posts at great length. You can find them below:
- The Deity of Christ
- Two Natures of Christ
- Two Natures of Christ: Zwinglian or Lutheran
- Decent to Hell
Below are some common passages to support the things taught in Article III.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.; The same was in the beginning with God.; All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.” John 1:1-3 KJV
“But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.” Heb 1:8 KJV
As is the case with all Christian paradox, Christology depends on accepting all scriptures as true. When you come to two teachings that don’t make a lot of sense the temptation can be to abrogate one with the other. This is how most denominations are formed in my opinion. Instead of doing that we should accept all teachings in scripture as true. We can use logic to try and put them together, but we should also be honest and concede when we cannot.
Just as Jesus “increased in wisdom” he is also omniscient. Just as he tired and hungered he is also omnipotent. He is fully man and fully God. With Lutheran theology particularly, it is my understanding that we do not separate the two either. There is communion between the two natures, thus we would expect Jesus to walk on water with his human flesh and raise the dead with his human voice, just as we also expect that he is omnipresent in the Eucharist. This is explained better in greater detail in Solid Declaration VIII.