This is the second post in a series, for the first please click HERE. In my previous post I indicated that I would state why I believe those verses matter. They matter because they demonstrate a proof text on the old covenant that specifically speaks to Seventh Day Adventists. If you show them to any current SDA it is going to give them great pause. It took me a while to find just a handful of verses that can do this but that was the result of my work.
In this post I am going to speak about the Old Covenant and the Ten Commandments. As a Seventh Day Adventist I was taught that the Ten Commandments stand today as they did when they were given on Mount Sinai. They also teach that to break any one of them, including the fourth, is to sin.
If it were true that the Law of Moses and the Ten Commandments were separate then this theory would pass a test of hermeneutical scrutiny throughout the whole Bible. Instead what we see below is a sampling of verses where it is clear that the Law of the Lord and the Law of Moses are referred to interchangeably. This means that the writers of the Bible considered the Old Covenant as being a whole. If they had not they would have divided the two as consistently as the SDA do. Take a look at the below verses to see my point:
“(As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;) And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.” Luke 2:23-24 KJV
If this were to pass the test of SDA doctrine it would have to say Mosaic Ceremonial Law, or something to that effect, but it does not. Instead it says “Law of the Lord”.
To offer burnt offerings unto the Lord upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the Lord , which he commanded Israel; 1 Ch 16:40 KJV
Again, under SDA theology as I was taught this should only be about the Ceremonial Law of Moses. Yet the wording doesn’t match that.
He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the Lord . 2 Ch 31:3 KJV
Once again, Law of the Lord rather that Law of Moses.
“For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:” Mark 7:10 KJV
Now it references Mosaic Law, but for the Ten Commandments.
“For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.” Matt 15:4 KJV
And now God is referenced but on the same exact commandment.
So what we clearly see above is that all 613 old covenant laws are referred to interchangeably by the Holy Ghost as each verse was written. This demonstrates that the titles of these laws are synonymous of each other, referring to the greater whole rather than one section. To attempt to separate them is contrary to scripture because God did not separate them. Only man has with false teachings.
This shows that it is disingenuous to claim the Ten Commandments as a whole or in part are not subject to abrogation in the New Covenant, as is clearly the case with other Ceremonial Laws even amongst SDA.
“And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep, and do them. The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The Lord made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day. … Thou shalt have none other gods before me. Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above … And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.” Deut 5:1-8, 21-22 KJV
In the above verse we see that the Old Covenant was not established until Horeb and that the Ten Commandments are part of this covenant. Keep reading down chapter 5 and you will see that they list out the Ten Commandments whilst remaining clearly in the context of the Covenant that was made at Horeb. This is very damaging to SDA theology because the two have to be separate for their teachings to be true.